The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)
Faster, more flexible support & incentives for best performers
Giving incentives and rewarding best performers, as well as offering funds in a faster and more flexible manner, are the two main principles underlying the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) worth over €15 billion from 2014-2020.
Based on the experiences gained until today, the ENI will support the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and turn decisions taken on a political level into actions on the ground.
Effective from 2014 to 2020 the ENI seeks to streamline financial support, concentrating on agreed policy objectives, and make programming shorter and better focused, so that it is more effective.
The ENI will build on the achievements of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) and bring more tangible benefits to both the EU and its Neighbourhood partners. It has a budget of €15,433 billion and will provide the bulk of funding to the European Neighbourhood countries through a number of programmes.
The 16 ENI Partner Countries are:
* EU Cooperation with Syria is currently suspended due to the political situation
Relations with Russia: Russia has a special status, as relations with this country are not developed through the ENP, but a strategic partnership covering four “common spaces”. Therefore it is only eligible for ENI regional and Cross-Border Cooperation programmes, for which it co-finances projects. Bilateral cooperation with Russia is funded under the new Partnership Instrument (PI).
What makes this instrument more effective, is that, under the ENI, assistance to Neighbours will:
· Become faster and more flexible, reducing the complexity and length of the programming process so that the relevance of the assistance is not undermined;
· Offer incentives for best performers through the more-for-more approach that allows the EU to increase its support to those partners that are genuinely implementing what has been jointly agreed;
· Be increasingly policy-driven based on the key policy objectives agreed with the partners, mainly in the ENP bilateral action plans;
· Allow for greater differentiation so that the EU allocates a greater proportion of funds where aid can have the highest impact;
· Aim for mutual accountability so that it takes greater account of human rights, democracy and good governance when it comes to allocating assistance.
The ENI will also encourage closer links between the EU and partner countries to enable their citizens to participate in successful EU internal programmes, such as on student mobility, youth programmes or support to civil society. Special emphasis will be given to engagement with civil society.
This funding instrument, that responds to the evolving relations between the EU and its partner countries, will continue to ensure the success of the democratisation process and improve economic and social development in the EU’s immediate neighbourhood. Itwill support the reform process already undertaken by the partner countries themselves.
(1) Fostering human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, equality, sustainable democracy, good governance and a thriving civil society.
(2) Achieving progressive integration into the EU internal market and enhanced co-operation including through legislative approximation and regulatory convergence, institution building and investments.
(3) Creating conditions for well managed mobility of people and promotion of people-to-people contacts.
(4) Encouraging development, poverty reduction, internal economic, social and territorial cohesion, rural development, climate action and disaster resilience.
(5) Promoting confidence building and other measures contributing to security and the prevention and settlement of conflicts.
(6) Enhancing sub-regional, regional and Neighbourhood wide collaboration as well as Cross-Border Cooperation.
Support through the ENI is programmed and given in three different ways:
+ bilateral programmes covering support to one partner country;
+ multi-country programmes which address challenges common to all or a number of partner countries, and regional and sub-regional cooperation between two or more partner countries;
+ Cross-Border Cooperation programmes between Member States and partner countries taking place along their shared part of the external border of the EU (including Russia).
More types of support and other programmes are available to the Neighbourhood. More information including a glossary can be found in the EU Neighbourhood Info Centre’s handbook: EU Funding for the Neighbourhood and Russia.
Some of the ENI cooperation areas that will be given high priority are:
+ Boosting small businesses
+ Civil-society engagement
+ Climate change action
+ Easier mobility of people
+ Energy cooperation
+ Gender equality promotion
+ Gradual economic integration
+ People-to-people contacts
+ Transport connections
+ Youth and employment
The ENI will be replacing the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument – known as the ENPI. This cooperation instrument will continue to be managed by DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid, which turns decisions taken on a political level into actions on the ground.
ENPI funding approved for the period 2007-2013 was €11.2 billion.
More information about the ENPI, funding, regional cooperation and all the background documents can be found here.
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) aims at bringing Europe and its neighbours closer, supporting political and economic reforms in sixteen of Europe’s neighbouring countries as a means of promoting peace, stability and economic prosperity in the whole region. It is designed to give greater emphasis than previously to bilateral relations between the EU and each neighbouring country.
The bilateral Action Plans are the main documents guiding the partnership between the EU and its partner countries participating in the ENP. This political document reflects the priorities agreed between a country and the EU and spells out the planned economic and political reforms with short and medium term priorities.
More information can be found in the ENP section of this website.
The EU is a major donor for the Neighbourhood. Support to the region is mainly channelled through the Directorate General for Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid.
The total amount agreed for the EU’s external relations package is €51,419 million over the period 2014-2020. The Neighbourhood is also supported by some of the other instruments. The other instruments and money allocated are:
− Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA): €11,699 million
− European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI): €15,433 million
− Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI): €19,662 million
− Partnership Instrument (PI): €955 million
− Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IfSP): €2,339 million
− European Instrument for Democracy & Human Rights (EIDHR): €1,333 million
Lost in EU jargon and terminology? Visit the glossaries section on the EU Neighbourhood Info Centre website. We have two glossaries one for the East and one for the South, in A to Z format and laid out in pdf format.
General Neighbourhood Glossary (online in A – Z format and anchor links) available in English, French, Arabic and Russian.
Parliament approves new ENI with more than €15 billion in funding for 2014-2020 (Info Centre news story – 11/12/2013)
The Multiannual Financial Framework: The External Action Financing Instruments (EC MEMO – 11/12/2003)
Commissioner Füle and Piebalgsstatement (11/12/2013)
European Parliament press release (11/12/2013)
Regulation establishing ENI (proposal December 2011)